Pekiin was the home of an indigenous Palestinian community – the Mustarabi Jews – descendants of Jews who had never left Israel.
During the riots of 1929, groups of Arabs from outside the village began to make trouble. The Jews of Peki'in were compelled to abandon their village out of fear of the Arab gangs. Many returned back to the village, but were forced to leave again during the Arab riots of 1936-39. This period was known as the Hadera exile since most of the Jews sought refuge in Hadera (and also in Haifa and other places in the Galilee). After the riots in 1939, one Jewish family returned. Today, of the original Jewish inhabitants in this, now, Druze village, only one of the original families remains.