The Jewish community of Lod has existed, on and off, for thousands of years. In the 19th century a small Jewish community existed in, what was then called, Lydda.
Lod (Lydda), 1904
In 1921, the Arab riots compelled the last of its Jewish inhabitants to leave. Further attempts to reestablish the community during the British Mandate failed because of ensuing violence but after Israeli independence, Jews once again, were able to settle in Lod and Lod became a mixed Jewish and Arab city. Today, the local Jews have to constantly contend with local Arab violence. The situation doesn’t seem to be changing any time soon.