Motza is an ancient village that has been resettled as a Jewish farming area since 1859. A permanent community was established in 1894. In the 1929 Arab riots the village was largely destroyed and seven of its inhabitants were murdered, including the parents and siblings of village native Mordechai Makleff, the lone survivor of his family. (He later became IDF Chief of Staff after Israel’s independence.)
The parents of Mordechai Makleff along with a friend of the family, 1929
The village was soon restored and in 1933 Moẓa Illit ("Upper Moẓa") was founded as an adjacent moshav.